Grammar Worksheet VI

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Here, we’ve provided the solutions of NBSE Class 10 English Grammar Worksheet VI (six) which is about the topics of noun clauses, adjective clauses, defining and non-defining clauses, adverb clauses, and conditional clauses. Attempts have been made to keep the solutions error-free, however, if you find any error, let us know. We’ll review it and make corrections if needed.

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Noun clauses

A noun clause is a subordinate clause that performs the function of a noun in a sentence. A noun clause is frequently accompanied by one of the conjunctions that, if, and whether, and so on. In fact, any reported speech sentence contains a noun clause introduced by one of these conjunctions.

A. Complete each sentence with a properly formed noun clause.

1. Harish asked me………..

2. They couldn’t tell me………..

3. He doesn’t know………………

4. ……………….is not important.

5. ……………. was true.

6. We are not responsible for……………….

7.  Is…………….about Priyanka true?

8. Nobody can tell you…………

9. They wondered……………from Thailand.

10. The assistant showed us……………………our bags

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B. Rewrite the sentences changing the highlighted noun phrases into noun clauses.

1. No one can guess the time of her arrival.

2. The weatherman predicted a change in the weather.

3. I’ve heard of his success.

4. We don’t know the reason for his failure

5. The jury believed the man innocent

6. The doctors doubt an improvement in her health

7. I know her to be trustworthy

8. Saleem hopes to be there in time

9. The team is confident of winning the match.

10. Abdul’s demise was totally unexpected.

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Adjective clauses

A dependent clause with a subject and a verb is known as an adjective clause. An adjective clause serves the same purpose as an adjective.

A defining relative clause is required in a sentence because it tells us who or what is being described. A non-defining relative clause is not required in a sentence because it simply adds more information about who or what we are describing. Thus, you could leave it out and the sentence would still make sense.

A. Complete the sentences with adjective clauses.

1. Manish is the boy………………..

2. The food……………………..looks fresh.

3. The bat is the only mammal…………………..

4. Look! That’s the singer……………………

5. I don’t like animals…………………….

6. I felt bad for the boy…………………….

7. Jasmine is a flower…………………..

8. They are inviting the girl…………….

9. There’s the troupe………………………

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B. Combine each of the following pairs of sentences by using an adjective clause

1. I met Mukesh in Kashmir. He is a tour guide.

2. The girl was frightened. She looked very pale.

3. She was sitting in the emergency room. It was very crowded

4. A nurse was nearby. She called out to her

5. The nurse called a doctor. He came immediately

6. The doctor asked the woman to lie down. She looked very worried

7. The nurse gave the patient an injection. It made her go to sleep.

8. The theft was committed last week. The police has caught the man

9. Parul was an old woman. She was my neighbour

10. You put my spectacles somewhere. Show me the place

11. The shopkeeper keeps the money in a box. This is the box

12. He had several plans for the business. All of them have failed.

13. This is the town. I was born and raised here

14. This is the house. Everyone says it is haunted

15. Radha is the lady. She is the one who started this NGO.

16. I met the sailor. He was the one who saved many people in the ferry disaster.

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C. Underline the adjective clause in each sentence. Place the missing commas, if it is a non-defining clause.

1. Meena wrote a letter to her friend who stays abroad.

2. The vase that is lying on the table is a gift from my friend.

3. My mother wore the dress which I gave her.

4. We went to the garden which has beautiful flowers.

5. The Principal gave the prize to Naresh who was the winner.

6. The student who is sitting on the last bench is my brother.

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Adverb clauses

An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb in the same way that an adverb or an adverb phrase does in a sentence. Adverb clauses provide additional information about how something is done.

A. Complete the sentences with adverb clauses.

1. Hockey players wear lots of protective clothing

2. You need proper shoes to go hiking in the mountain

3. You should give the iron time to heat up

4. You will have to pay higher insurance

5. You may get malaria

6. You shouldn’t drive

7. We keep our vegetables in the fridge

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B. Each of the following proverbial sayings contains an adverb clause. Identify the adverb clause in each sentence and state which type of adverb clause it is.

1. While the cat’s away, the mice will play.

2. A lie travels around the world while the truth is putting her boots on.

3. If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.

4. Memory is deceptive because it is coloured by today’s events

5. Never look down on anybody, unless you’re helping him up.

6. You will have to run many miles before you reach your final destination

7. Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect

8. Life is what happens when you are making other plans

9. As soon as you forbid something, you make it extraordinarily appealing.

10. Everything is funny, as long as it’s happening to somebody else.

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C. Fill in the blanks with suitable subordinating conjunctions

1. Sujoy decided to give up smoking……………………. he had had a heart attack once before

2. ………………… Newton was sitting under the apple tree, he discovered gravity.

3. …………………….. my mother woke up, she realised that she had forgotten to set the alarm.

4. ……………………. he behaves well, Mary will never talk to him.

5. …………………… my best friend Alka is four years older than me, she looks very young.

6. Debu decided to buy a car ………………….. he could drop his children to school

7. The boarders in the hostel will be punished……………….they didn’t obey the rules.

8. You must wear your helmet while riding a motor-bike…………… you may get hurt seriously in case of an accident

9. ………………….. a person is at the top, people will show him respect.

10. I’m going to work harder…………… I get promoted.

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Conditional clauses

Zero conditionals: A zero conditional is a conditional sentence that expresses a scientific or widely accepted fact. The basic form is If + simple present + simple present. Eg. If you heat ice, it melts.

Conditionals of type 1: These are conditionals that indicate a result that could occur with a reasonable probability if the condition in the if-clause is met. Because there is a chance that the conclusion will hold, such conditionals are also known as likely conditionals. The formula is if + simple present + will + verb. Eg. If I meet her, I will tell her.

Conditionals of type 2: These are conditionals that indicate a possible outcome with a low probability. This is due to the expectation that the condition in the if-clause will not be met. Because there is a small chance that the action will occur, such conditionals are used. Conditionals that are unlikely to occur are also known as unlikely conditionals. The formula is if + simple past + would + verb. Eg. If I had a lot of money, I would buy a big house.

Conditionals of type 3: These are conditionals that indicate a result that did not occur. It is also clear that the condition in the if-clause was not met, which is thought to be the reason why the conclusion in the main clause did not come true. Because the conclusion has no chance of being true, such conditionals are also known as impossible conditionals. The formula is 1f + past perfect + would + have + past participle. Eg. If I had gone to bed early I would have caught the bus.

A. Complete the following sentences with Type 1 conditional clauses

1. …………………… it will get delivered by tomorrow

2. …………………. he will certainly qualify

3. …………………….., she will return it to you

4. She will help you,…………….

5. He will not be happy,……………… …

6. I shall visit the exhibition,……………….

7. ………………………., they will not pass the exam.

8. ………………,I will water the plants.

9. You will be able to concentrate on your work,……………

10. Sushil will not move into the new flat,…………………..

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B. Complete the following sentences with Type 2 conditional clauses.

1.………………., what would you do?

2……………, I would help the poor.

3. …………, we would go for a walk with you.

4. She would spend a year in the UK,……………

5. ………………, they would start dinner.

6. We would tell you,……………

7. My father would buy a mansion,……………

8. ……………, I would go to the cinema with you.

9. ………………., he would not be happy.

10. Supong would be eligible for the post,……………

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C. Complete the following sentences with Type 3 conditional clauses

1. …………………., he would have won the prize.

2. ………………, I would have accepted the offer

3. ………………….., I would have gone to Dimapur.

4. ………………, the teacher would have appreciated you.

5. ………………., she would have been very happy.

6. I would have written you a postcard,…… …………

7. ……………, he would have bought a car.

8. ……………….., I would have stayed at home

9. They would have missed the train,……… ……..

10. ……………. we would have reached the top of the mountain.

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D. Make zero conditional clauses.

1. you/too much junk food/you/sick

2. temperature below zero degree/water freeze

3. Ram/go out in rain/get wet

4. mix salt in water/it/dissolve

5. Marina/watch too much TV/get a headache

6. put water in freezer/become ice

7. Hassan/work hard/top the class.

8. mix red and blue/get purple

9. mother/cooks delicious food/she cooks once in a while

10. children play regularly/ remain healthy

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