Here are the notes/solutions/answers to the questions for Political Science and Economics (social science) chapter 2 International Organisation – The United Nations Organisation and Others of class 10 (HSLC) for students studying under the Board of Secondary Education, Assam (SEBA). These notes/answers, however, should only be used for references and modifications/changes can be made wherever possible.
Introduction to the chapter International Organisation – The United Nations Organisation and Others: On October 24, 1945, the United Nations Organization (UNO) was established. Every year, the 24th of October is designated as UN DAY. The UN charter contains a total of three (3) Articles. The United Nations Organization has six organs: (1) the General Assembly (2) the Security Council (3) the Economic and Social Organization (4) the Trusteeship Council (5) the International Court of Justice (6) the Secretariat. The United Nations’ step toward eradicating a warlike environment among the world’s countries through disarmament is significant and laudable. On December 10, 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Human Rights Declaration with the support of 48 UNO member states. The National Human Rights Commission was established by an ordinance signed by the president on September 28, 1993. It became an act on January 8, 1994.
Very short answer questions of International Organisation – The United Nations Organisation and Others
1. Why was the UNO formed?
Answer: The United Nations Organization was established to ensure global peace and to avert another world war. The magnitude of the devastation caused by the Second World War terrified the world population, prompting them to consider the formation of a global organisation.
2. Mention two objectives of the UNO.
Answer: Two objectives of the UNO are:
i. To maintain international peace and security.
ii. To foster friendly relations among all countries around the world based on equal rights and self-determination.
3. Give the name of the UN organs.
Answer: The six organs of the UNO are:
i. General Assembly
ii. Security Council
iii. Economic and Social Council
iv. Trusteeship Council
v. International Court of Justice (ICJ)
6. What is meant by human rights?
Answer: The conditions which are essential for each Individual of the world to live a dignified life are termed Human Rights.
Long answer questions of International Organisation – The United Nations Organisation and Others
1. Discuss the aims of the UNO for which it came into existence and also discuss its principles.
Answer: The aims/objectives of the UNO are:
(i) To maintain international peace and security.
(ii) To build friendly relations among all countries of the world on the basis of equal rights and self-determination.
(iii) To resolve existing economic, social and cultural problems and disputed issues on the basis of international cooperation so that each person can enjoy human rights and fundamental rights.
(iv) To act as the centre of excellence to build good and cordial relations with various countries.
The principles of the UNO are:
(i) Formed on the principle of equal sovereignty of all member countries.
(ii) All the member states should execute their duties and responsibilities by obeying the rules as mentioned in the UN charter.
(iii) All the member states should resolve their disputes in a peaceful manner without affecting international peace, security and justice.
(iv) All the member states should avoid the threat or use of force against any state so as to maintain cordial international relations.
(v) All the member states should help and extend support to the UNO whenever required and should not help a particular state which is facing UNO’s punitive action.
2. Write a note on the security council of the UNO.
Answer: The Security Council is the United Nations’ most important organ. When the United Nations Organization was founded, it had five permanent member states and six temporary member states. The permanent members are the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China. By amending the 23rd article of the UN Charter in 1963, the number of temporary member states was increased from six to ten. The general assembly elects the temporary members. Each permanent member state has the right to use its veto. To make a decision on an important matter, at least nine members, including five permanent members, must agree.
5. Discuss the steps taken by the UNO regarding Human Rights.
Answer: The United Nations Organization (UNO) emphasised human rights, as well as cooperation and a peaceful environment among member nations. The Human Rights Declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, with the support of 48 member states to secure human rights for all people to live a dignified life. The Human Rights Declaration’s goals are as follows:
i. To secure the rights of the individuals that have been incorporated in the declaration.
ii. To give due recognition to the above mentioned rights by the member states.
Thus, UNO has taken positive steps to secure dignified human life for each individual and has made clear that no state can secure international peace and security by depriving its citizens of their human rights. 10 December is observed as International Human Rights Day.