Transport and Communication.

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Here you will find all the questions, solutions, answers, and notes of chapter 9 Transport and Communication of Social Science for class 10 students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). However, the study materials should be used only for references and nothing more. The notes can be modified/changed according to needs.

INTRODUCTION: For a long time, trade and transport moved within restricted boundaries of space and time. But with the development in the field of science and technology, trade and transport have spread all over the world. The world has become one big village and distances have become immaterial or, to be more precise, distances seem to have shrunk. This has been made possible by the development of a fast and efficient transport and communication system. Thus, trade, transport and communication complement each other.

Today, life has become very complex. We are all dependant on each other. Even trade has expanded from national to international levels. The India of today is well linked to the rest of the globe despite its huge area, diversities and pluralities in the linguistic and socio-cultural fields. Transport and communication have enriched them, both socially and economically. Our lives have become easier and more amenities and comforts are readily available to us.

Thus, it is evident that the modern means of transport and communication are the lifelines of our nation and its economy. Trade, be it local, national or global, depends largely upon a dense and efficient network of transport and communication.

I. Multiple Choice Questions

1. India has one of the largest networks of which of the following modes of transport.

Answer: (a) Roadways

2. Which of the following modes of transport would you find in higher areas of mountainous regions like the Himalayas?

Answer: (d) Airways

3. Which of the following are the primary road systems of our country?

Answer: (a) National Highways

4. Which of the following types of roads received special impetus under the pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana?

Answer: (c) Rural roads

5. Which of the following modes of transport is fuel-efficient and environment-friendly?

Answer: (d) waterways

6. Which of the following was the first port to be developed soon after independence?

Answer: (d) Kandla

7. Which of the following airlines is the national carrier of India?

Answer: (a) Air India

II. Very Short Answer Questions

1. What are State Highways?

Answer: These highways join state capitals with towns and the district headquarters and provide the link with the national highways.

2. What is the total length of India’s road network?

Answer: India’s road network aggregates to about 2.3 million km.

3. What is the name of the highway that connects the four large metro cities?

Answer: Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways.

4. Which department constructs and maintains State Highways?

Answer: These are constructed and maintained by the State Public Works Department (PWD).

5. Give the full form of BRO.

Answer: Border Roads Organisation.

6. Name the types of inland waterways.

Answer: The types of inland waterways are rivers, lakes, canals etc.

7. Write two advantages of airways.

Answer: Two advantages of airways are:

i. Airways provide the fastest means of transport.
ii. For inaccessible, remote and hostile areas airways are the best means of transport.

III. Short Answer Questions

1. Name any four means of communication.

Answer: Any four means of communication are:

i. Postal written communications.
ii. Telecom networks.
iii. Television.
iv. Radio.

2. What are National Highways? Who constructs and maintains them?

Answer: National highways connect one state with another and are of national importance. These highways link extreme parts of the country.

These roads are constructed and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD).

3. Into how many zones is the Indian Railways divided?

Answer: Indian Railways have been divided into 17 zones.

4. Write any two problems of pipeline transportation.

Answer: The two problems associated with this mode of transport are :

i. Cost of laying the pipelines is very high.
ii. The danger of leakage.

5. Give two advantages of waterways.

Answer: Two advantages of waterways are:

i. Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
ii. It is the best means of transport to carry bulky and heavy goods at lower costs.

IV. Long Answer Questions

1. Mention four merits and four demerits of road transportation with reference to India.

Answer: Four merits of road transportation with reference to India are:

i. Road transport provides a link between railway stations, air and seaports. They are used as feeders to other modes of transport.
ii. Roads can traverse regions of dissected and undulating relief and negotiate steep slopes.
iii. They are cheap and easy both in construction and maintenance.
iv. They directly connect fields with markets, factories with farms and provide door-to-door service

Four demerits of road transportation with reference to India are:

i. Inadequate road networks to meet the needs of the people.
ii. National Highways, which were built long ago, is not as wide.
iii. Most of the old bridges and culverts are low and old.
iv. Many of these roads pass through congested cities that create a problem.

2. What are the advantages of waterways as a means of transport?

Answer: The advantages of waterways as a means of transport are:

i. Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
ii. It is the best means of transport to carry bulky and heavy goods at lower costs.
iii. It is fuel-efficient as well as environment-friendly.
iv. All perennial rivers can be used almost throughout the year.

3. Give four reasons why the means of transport and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

Answer: We are all dependant on each other. Even trade has expanded from national to international levels. The India of today is well linked to the rest of the globe despite its huge area, diversities and pluralities in the linguistic and socio-cultural fields. Our lives have become easier and more amenities and comforts are readily available to us. Thus, it is evident that the modern means of transport and communication are the lifelines of our nation and its economy. Trade, be it local, national or global, depends largely upon a dense and efficient network of transport and communication.

4. How do the means of mass communication play a vital role in creating awareness among the people?

Answer: Mass communication includes television, radio, newspapers, magazines, books and even films. It is so named as it can communicate ideas, policies and national issues directly to the masses. This helps in creating awareness among the people. The All India Radio, which is also known as Akashwani, is a very forceful mass medium. It has 200 radio stations and some 327 transmitters. Newspapers are published in about 100 languages and dialects in India. Besides, India is the hub of commercial films in Asia.

5. Why is road transport more useful than rail transport in India? Give four reasons. [HOTS]

Answer: Road transport is more useful than rail transport in India for the following reasons:

i. India is a vast country when railways cannot reach every corner of the country. Therefore, roadways become more important and useful to travel.
ii. The construction and maintenance of roadways are cheaper comparing to railways which is an important factor for a developing country like India.
iii. A large area of India is mountainous where railways take very long to penetrate. Roads, therefore, become the only option.
iv. India is a vast market and roads directly connect fields with markets, factories with farms, unlike the railways.

6. What is mass communication? What are the different means of mass communication?

Answer: The means of communication which can communicate ideas, policies and national issues directly to the masses is called Mass Communication.

The different modes of mass communication are:

Television: It is the most popular means of mass communication in the present context. It can reach the grass-root level and create opinions among the educated as well as illiterates.
Radio: Radio is another means of mass communication that is popular mostly in areas that are not connected to other parts of the country very well.
Newspapers and magazines: Newspapers and magazines help to communicate information amongst the educated sections of society. It is a powerful tool.
Internet: It is comparatively a newer form of means of mass communication that is becoming hugely popular and highly influential and is believed to become the most popular means of mass communication in the near future.

Get notes of other chapters of NBSE class 10 social science.


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