NBSE Class 12 English & Alternative English

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Here, you will find short summaries and all the solutions of English and Alternative subjects which are parts of the syllabus of Class 12 students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). These solutions, however, should be only treated as references and can be modified/changed. Please select the subject/chapter and proceed.

EnglishAlternative EnglishQuestion Papers



NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 1: A Piece of Bread

Summary of A Piece of Bread: Francois Coppee’s A Piece of Bread is the story of valuing the things that we have and about friendship. In this story, a wealthy Duke enlists himself into the French army and goes to the battlefield along with the common soldiers, but being a rich person, he doesn’t quite like the quality of food being served to the soldiers and throws a piece of bread on the mud. A weak soldier picks it up and eats it. The soldier tells him how difficult it is to earn a piece of bread. This leads to a friendship between them and ultimately the soldier gives his life for the Duke.

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Video explanation/summary (English)

Video explanation/summary (Hindi)

NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 2: Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds

William Shakespeare’s sonnet 116 titled “Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds” is one of the most universally recognised and loved sonnets written by Shakespeare. The poem describes true love using different expressions and the poet goes on to explain that if it is true love, it will forever stay and absolutely nothing can separate true lovers and if love alters with time, it cannot be called true love. The poet is so sure about his assessments that he says if he is proven wrong, he will cease to remain a writer and no one has ever loved.

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Video explanation/summary (English)

NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 3: A Voice for Freedom

“A Voice for Freedom” is the speech delivered by Ellen Johnson Sirleaf while accepting her Nobel Prize for Peace. In her speech, Sirleaf says that she is receiving the prize on behalf of all the women in her country Liberia, Africa and the world. She talks about the atrocities women around the world face in different circumstances and urges the women to find their voice and raise their voice.

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 4: Prayer Before Birth

The poem expresses the agony of an unborn child. Before being born into this cruel world, the unborn baby prays to God. It begs the Divine’s protection and forgiveness for all the evil it will commit once it is no longer protected by the mother. The dramatic style of the poem makes a statement about what is wrong with the world. The poet’s grief, sadness, and fear in a world that is steadily devolving into hell are symbolised by the child’s cries. The poet depicts a world devoid of compassion, love, and remorse as a result of the unborn infant’s haunting appeal.

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Video explanation/summary (English)

Video explanation/summary (Hindi)

NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 5: Sunshine Susan

Susan lived with her parents, grandfather, and older brother Sandy in the same house. She always helped her mother with chores, even though she disliked some of them, such as cooking. To achieve her dreams, she had hoped to attend college and get an education. She was very interested in education. She was told to stay at home and marry because her parents couldn’t afford the school fees. Susan was upset about that. The bright girl did not allow her shine to fade, however, and, with hard work, she not only paid for her college education but also gained the nickname, “Sunshine Girl.”

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 6: Spring and Fall

The poem “Spring and Fall” is a dramatic and meditative account of the conversation a philosopher has with a girl named Margaret. Margaret, a young girl who is crying as a result of the falling leaves, is the subject of Gerard M. Hopkins’ poem. According to the speaker, Margaret should not be saddened by the unleaving of Goldengrove. In the speaker’s words, Margaret, the young girl, is equally concerned with leaves as she is with a man’s belongings. Margaret will not be affected by the unleaving when she grows up, as he believes that sorrows like these pass with age.

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 7: The Ransom of Red Chief

A trouble-making boy is held for ransom by two hapless criminals in O. Henry’s short story “The Ransom of Red Chief.” Johnny Dorset, son of a wealthy man, is abducted by Sam and Bill. They plan to kidnap Johnny but are not prepared for his rambunctious behaviour. Lastly, they pay Johnny’s parents to get rid of him and flee as soon as possible.

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 8: Self Measure in the Making of Brilliant Leaders

The chapter Self Measure in the Making of Brilliant Leaders discusses the attributes of great leaders. In this essay, it is made abundantly clear that fear-based, unquestioning obedience to political and military leaders is over. We have seen tremendous changes in society and organisation, which will benefit future generations in significant ways. Adapting to the needs of the followers is vital for leaders in today’s society.

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 9: Charge of the Light Brigade

The poem Charge of the Light Brigade tells the story of a brigade of 600 soldiers who rode for half a league on horseback into the “valley of death.” An order was issued to charge the enemy forces who were seizing their weapons. Despite the fact that their commander had made a mistake, no one was discouraged or disheartened. Soldiers must obey and not respond, according to the military… As a result, the horsemen were forced to ride through the “Valley of Death.”

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NBSE Class 12 English Chapter 10: Mark Antony’s Speech

Shakespeare demonstrates the use of rhetoric in Julius Ceaser’s Mark Antony’s speech “Friends, Romans, Countrymen,” using one thing to imply something entirely different without ever saying so. Following the assassination of Julius Ceaser by Brutus and the conspirators, Mark Antony delivers his funeral speech. While Mark Antony’s speech begins by justifying Brutus’ and the assassins’ actions, he eventually uses rhetoric and genuine reminders to paint Ceaser in a positive light and incite the mob against Brutus and conspirators.

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NBSE Class 12 Novel: The Canterville Ghost

The Canterville Ghost by Oscar Wilde is a lighthearted novella. It was the first of Wilde’s stories to be published. The plot revolves around an American family who relocated to a castle haunted by the ghost of a deceased English nobleman who murdered his wife before being walled in and starved to death by his wife’s brothers. It has been adapted for both the stage and the screen numerous times.

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 1

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 2

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 3

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 4

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 5

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 6

Summary and notes of The Canterville Ghost – Chapter 7

Alternative English

alternative english

NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 1 (Prose): Letter to my Daughter

India’s first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru‘s “Letter to my Daughter” is one of the many letters that he wrote to his daughter Indira Priyadarshani from jail. In this letter “The Quest of Man” the author attempts to reconstruct world history from prehistoric times to the present. Nehru describes in the letter his prison and the beautiful greenery and mountains that surround it. He also discusses the history of Indian empires and civilizations in India. He follows a man on his long quest to learn more about his world. When Jawaharlal Nehru writes, he feels close to his daughter Indira, as if they are sitting together and talking. According to Nehru, religion imposes its own ways based on spiritual beliefs and faith, whereas science provides answers through experimentation and reasoning. He claims that there is no single answer to what man seeks, and that his long search for something or quest takes two distinct paths.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 2 (Prose): Knowledge and Wisdom

Wisdom and knowledge are two different things. Knowledge, according to Russell, is the gathering of data and information, but wisdom is the actual application and use of that knowledge to generate value. Learning and actual experience, not just memorization, are the paths to wisdom. Wisdom necessitates a strong sense of proportion. A scientist may be able to lower the infant mortality rate by inventing medicine. It appears to cause a population increase and a food shortage. The standard of living declines. Knowledge of the atom, if misapplied, can lead to human annihilation through the production of nuclear weapons.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 3 (Prose): Of Followers and Friends

“Of Followers and Friends” is an argumentative essay by Francis Bacon in which he discusses the many categories of followers. He also says that one should keep a safe distance from such followers who are dangerous and espials, and that one should not put too much trust in them. One of the clearest examples of Bacon’s wisdom is the essay “Of Followers and Friends.” In this essay, he not only discusses the various types of followers that a notable man can have, but he also suggests and guides the reader on how to cope with them. He intends for this essay to serve as a guide for the men. To him, it is a man’s practical behaviour, not his moral decency, that drives him to success in business and government.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 4 (Prose): The Last Lesson

Alphonse Daudet’s The Last Lesson was written during the Franco-Prussian War, when France was conquered by Prussia headed by Bismark. Prussia gained control of the French districts of Alsace and Lorraine. It demonstrates that the oppressor seeks not only land but also control over a country’s language and culture, robbing the subjugated people of their identity. In the story, the author illustrates this point with an image of a school.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 1 (Poetry): All the World’s a Stage

All the World’s a Stage is a section from William Shakespeare’s classic play As You Like It. Shakespeare is often regarded as the greatest dramatist and poet of all time. He effectively explains several stages of human life in this poetry. He likens the world to a vast theatre, with all humans acting as actors and actresses. In this stage, man first appears as an infant wailing and vomiting in the arms of a nurse or mother. His ultimate stage is devastating because he loses almost all of his senses and delights in life. The poem provides a sad yet accurate image of human life.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 2 (Poetry): Death be not Proud

One of the great metaphysical poet John Donne’s Holy Sonnets is ‘Death be not Proud.’ The usual idea of death as a terrifying tyrant is deconstructed in this poetry. The poet takes a unique stance on dying. Donne addresses the poem to Death. According to popular thinking, death is neither frightening nor powerful. It has no influence over the immortal soul. According to the poet, death is a type of temporary sleep from which the soul rises to live eternally and become immortal.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 3 (Poetry): My Last Duchess

The poem My Last Duchess, set in 1564, is based on the real-life Duke Alfonso II, who ruled Ferrara, Italy in the second half of the 16th century. In the poem, he is referring to his first wife, Lucrezia de’ Medici, who died under strange circumstances shortly after marrying the Duke. In the poem, the Duke is speaking to an emissary who is negotiating the Duke’s next marriage to the daughter of another important family. He is showing his visitor around his palace and comes to a halt in front of a portrait of his late wife.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Chapter 4 (Poetry): Indian Weavers

Sarojini Naidu, a well-known Indian poet, wrote the poem ‘Indian Weavers,’ which is short but exquisite. The poem’s language flow is full of rhythm and word imagery. Throughout the day, the weavers are busy making clothing in various colours. Each colour, as well as the time of day, represents a particular event in one’s life. They weave beautiful blue fabric for a newborn infant in the morning, symbolising birth and gladness. During the day, they weave a brilliant purple and green material for a queen’s marriage veil, symbolising life’s joys. Finally, at night, they weave a white cloth for the shroud of a dead body, which symbolises death.

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NBSE Class 12 Alternative English Drama: The Boy Comes Home

“The Boy Comes Home” by A. A. Milne is a comedy. The play examines the issues surrounding the generational divide. The older generation believes that the younger generation is immature and unaware of their obligations to their families and society. In fact, the younger generation is more responsible and mature. It also shows respect for the elderly. Philip is a twenty-three-year-old young man who has just returned from a four-year war. James, his uncle, is looking after him. Emily, his aunt, is someone he adores. Uncle James is a man who follows a strict set of rules. In everything he does, he seeks perfection.

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