Here you will find all the questions, solutions, answers, and notes of chapter 10 Map reading of Social Science for class 10 students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). However, the study materials should be used only for references and nothing more. The notes can be modified/changed according to needs.
INTRODUCTION: A map is a representation of a part or whole of the Earth’s surface drawn according to a scale on a plain sheet of paper, cloth or wood. It gives an overall, bird’s eye view of an area. Globes are a true representation of the spherical Earth in the form of a model. But if you look at a globe, you will see that you cannot view the entire Earth at a time until you rotate the globe.
This is not so with maps. On a map, you can view the Earth entirely at a glance. So maps were devised to study the Earth and to learn about the various features present on the surface of the Earth.
II. Very Short Answer Questions
1. What is a map?
Answer: A map is a representation of a part or whole of the Earth’s surface drawn according to a scale on a plain sheet of paper, cloth or wood.
4. What is an atlas?
Answer: An Atlas is a book of maps.
III. Short Answer Questions
1. What is a small scale map?
Answer: Small scale maps show very large areas on a single map. Hence, they cannot show details.
4. What are conventional signs?
Answer: Universally accepted signs and symbols to represent various components on a map are called conventional signs.
IV. Long Answer Questions
1. Differentiate between a physical map and a political map.
Answer: Physical maps contain information about relief features or landforms of the Earth-like mountains, peaks, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans, etc.
On the other hand, political maps show the boundaries between different countries along with their states, capitals, cities, towns and villages.
2. What do thematic maps show?
Answer: Thematic maps show only selected features. They are based on specific information. They may be cultural maps depicting roads, railways, industries, minerals, population, etc.
3. Name the four cardinal directions and four intermediate directions.
Answer: North (N), South (S), East (E), and West (W) are known as Cardinal directions. The intermediate directions are North-East (NE), South- East (SE), South-West (SW) and North-West (NW).
7. Why do you think map reading is an important skill?
Answer: Map reading is an important skill because map-reading helps us in staying safe, enables in discovering places, provides the possibility of adventure, helps in understanding the environment and broadens our horizon. Maps are very useful in the study of geography. Their simplicity makes them useful even for a layman. In the modern shrinking world, the usefulness of maps has become all the more important.
Additional/extra questions and answers/solutions of Map Reading
1. What is the difference between a map and a globe?
Answer: A map is a scaled depiction of a portion or the entirety of the earth’s surface drawn on a simple sheet of paper, cloth, or wood. It provides a bird’s eye perspective of a region.
Globes, on the other hand, are accurate models of the spherical earth.
12. What is map distance?
Answer: A map distance is a distance between any two places on the map measured in a straight line.
13. What is the definition of ground distance?
Answer: Ground distance is the actual distance between points A and B as measured along a straight line.
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