Get here NBSE class 9 FIT notes of all chapters. Fundamentals of Information Technology is an elective subject under the Nagaland Board of School Education. To get the notes, click on the links mentioned under the introduction of each chapter. You can open the notes and write them out. However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements.
FIT chapter 1. Introduction to Computer System
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 1: A computer can be simply defined as an electronic machine that can do the work of computations and data processing. A computer is an electronic device that takes data as input, processes that based on the instructions stored in its memory, and provides the results of processing to the user by displaying them on the screen or by printing them using a printer. A computer system is much more than just the hardware of a computer. In this chapter, you will learn about the various parts and characteristics of a computer.
FIT chapter 2. Input / Output Devices
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 2: Computers comprise of a number of components connected together. Some of these are categorized as input devices, and some, output devices. Input devices are peripherals you’ll attach to your computer that allow it to receive input from a user. Most computers come standard with two universal input devices: the keyboard and the mouse. Any device that outputs information from a computer is termed an output device. The common output devices are the monitor and speakers.
FIT chapter 3. Memory and Storage Devices
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 3: Memory unit stores programs and data. Anything entered from the keyboard first goes to the main memory unit of computer system. After then it goes to the CPU for processing and the results after processing are again transferred back to the main memory from where these can be stored permanently by sending the results to secondary memory or hard disk or can be printed by sending them to the output unit. The main memory is also called primary memory.
FIT chapter 4. Types of Software
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 4: A computer can do nothing until and unless it gets instructions from the user for various operations. The set of instructions which helps in performing various operations on a computer is termed a software. Various kinds of operations are done by computers using different kinds of software.
FIT chapter 5. Operating System
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 5: An operating system is a set of system programs or commands that acts as an interface between a user and computer hardware. It also manages the different internal resources like Arithmetic Unit, Memory Unit, Control Unit, I/O Unit etc of the computer. We can say that an operating system is a communication channel between the user and the computer.
FIT chapter 6. Introduction to Windows
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 6: Windows is an advent of Microsoft Corporation. Windows is an operating system which acts as an interface between the user and the computer. In 1995, Windows 95 brought revolutions in the computing scenario. It was regarded as the true operating system. With the passage of time, Microsoft Corporation has released its advanced versions of Windows viz. Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10.
FIT chapter 7. Introduction to MS-Word
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 7: To perform the tasks of creating, editing, and printing documents, you need a special program called a word processor. The advantage of word processing is that you can make changes, correct mistakes without retyping the entire document as to when using a typewriter. In word processing, we can simply take the cursor to the part of the document where changes are required and correct your mistake, without leaving a trace. You can insert text, delete text etc. using a word processor. When you think you have made all the changes, you can get a hardcopy.
FIT chapter 8. Formatting Text in MS-Word
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 8: Formatting refers to changing the appearance of documents to make them more attractive and readable. Formatting texts is essential to create and design documents. In addition to that, formatting also makes your documents appealing. Proper formatting can draw the reader’s attention to specific parts and help communicate clearly the message you are trying to convey.
FIT chapter 9. Advanced Features of MS-Word
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 9: MS-Word provides the facility of checking spellings and grammar, thesaurus, finding and replacing text, insert graphics. It is necessary while working to check spellings and replace if the need arises. In this chapter, you’ll learn the procedure of finding and replacing text, how to check spellings and grammar, use of the thesaurus, how to insert WordArt and Clip Art, to insert AutoShapes etc.
FIT chapter 10. Tables in MS- Word
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 10: Tables are made up of rows and columns. The intersection of rows and columns makes cells that you can fill with text and graphics. Tables are often used to organize and present information in a better form. A table may grow up from small size to a very big size. In this chapter, you will learn steps for creating a table, how to insert rows and columns, how to delete rows and columns, how to change column width and row height, merge and split cells, how to apply border & shading to a table, resizing a table etc.
FIT chapter 11. Mail Merge
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 11: Mail merge facilitates the creation of custom documents for mass mailings. A mail merge helps us make lists of people’s mailing addresses to generate labels or envelopes with personalized addresses. This is really handy if you have to send the same letter to several individuals like during a wedding. In this chapter, you will learn how to create the main document, how to connect a document to a data source, to merge both to create a mail merge.
FIT chapter 12. Introduction to MS-PowerPoint
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 12: MS-PowerPoint helps us to create presentations. A presentation is a collection of slides in a systematic manner which are created to inform, educate, etc. to achieve the desired result. The ability to create presentations has become a requirement starting from an elementary school and continuing into the corporate world. In this chapter, you’ll learn what is presentation and presentation graphics, how to start PowerPoint, how to create and save a presentation, to edit and format a slide, different views of a slide, to run a slide show.
FIT chapter 13. More on PowerPoint
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 13: A presentation can be made more powerful and effective by adding some special effects to it. These special effects include animation effect, slide transition, pictures, clipart etc. In this chapter, you’ll learn how to insert pictures, shapes, Clip Art and WordArt, grouping and ungrouping pictures, how to add animation and slide transition, how to add sound and movie, to set slide show timings.
FIT chapter 14. Introduction to MS-Excel
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 14: A spreadsheet is used to organize information in rows and columns. A spreadsheet can solve our problems of data handling and long calculations. With a spreadsheet, you can analyze the data stored in rows and columns, perform calculations on the data and display the data in a graph. In this chapter, you will learn more about spreadsheet, how to start MS-Excel, its basic elements, about creating, saving, opening, closing a workbook, how to select cell ranges, rows or columns, and about types of data in MS-Excel.
FIT chapter 15. Editing workbooks in MS-Excel
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 15: When you enter data in a worksheet, sometimes need arises to change it, add more data, edit contents. Editing in a worksheet involves changing and modifying cell contents, moving data, inserting or deleting rows, inserting or deleting columns etc. In this chapter, you will learn how to insert and delete rows or columns, about moving and copying cell contents, how to change column width and row height, to use AutoFill feature, about how to format a worksheet number formatting etc.
FIT chapter 16. Functions in MS-Excel
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 16: A function in MS-Excel is a calculation that helps you analyze or manipulate data in a spreadsheet. You only need to add the arguments and the calculation is automatically performed. Functions help you create formulas you need to get the results. In this chapter, you will learn about functions and basic functions in MS-Excel, various functions like SUM, AVERAGE, MAX, MIN, COUNT, IF, about cell referencing and its types etc.
FIT chapter 17. Charts in MS-Excel
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 17: A chart is a graphical representation of numbers. It is a pictorial representation of data in a beautiful form. There are different types of charts in MS-Excel which present data in one form and other. It is the choice of the user to see the data in a specific chart form. Before learning the types of charts, let us know about the chart elements. In this chapter, you will learn about chart, its components, how to insert a chart, types of charts, to change chart layout and style, how to add chart titles, display or hide axes etc.
FIT chapter 18. Societal issues of IT
Introduction of NBSE class 9 FIT chapter 18: Information technology has proved to be very crucial for networking, business activities, communication, learning, security etc. IT has introduced various new technological applications and tools that have increased productivity and efficiency in different organizations. In this chapter, you will learn about plagiarism and how to avoid it, intellectual property rights, the meaning of copyright, software piracy, data security and techniques to secure data, data integrity, careers in Information Technology etc.