Here you will find all the questions, solutions, answers, and notes of chapter 18: Role of Service Sector in Indian Economy of Social Science for class 10 students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). However, the study materials should be used only for references and nothing more. The notes can be modified/changed according to needs.
INTRODUCTION: In our everyday life, we find different people engaged in different types of activities to earn their living. People like farmers, casual workers, cobblers, shopkeepers, vegetable vendors. domestic servants, industrialists, teachers, doctors, lawyers, chartered accountants etc. perform different types of activities. All households are concerned with one or the other type of activity to earn wealth or money to satisfy their wants. All these activities are called economic activities. Economic activities produce different types of goods and services which satisfy people’s wants. The sum total of economic activities constitutes an economy.
Economic activities are carried on or are controlled by individuals, firms, private institutions and also by the government. Individuals and firms usually work for private gain or profit. But the governments have to consider not only the private gains of individuals or groups but also the welfare of society by taking the people as a whole.
A framework within which all economic activities of a country can be largely described is called the economy. In other words, an economy is the aggregate of economic activities in a country within which various types of goods and services are produced, distributed and consumed. It consists of all those individuals, households, fields, factories, mines, businesses, schools, colleges, offices, banks, hospitals, railways.
I. Multiple Choice Questions
1. The sector that converts raw materials into goods is the
Answer: (b) secondary sector
2. The primary sector is related to
Answer: (d) All of these
5. The manufacturing sector is associated with the
Answer: (b) secondary sector
II. Very Short Answer Questions
1. Give one reason for the rapid growth of the service sector in India.
Answer: One of the reasons for the rapid growth of the service sector in India is that the service sector provides the basic services for the development and provision of which government takes the responsibility
2. Mention one reason for the need for the public sector in India.
Answer: The public sector is needed to develop the infrastructure of the country which is considered as the backbone of an economy.
5. Why is the tertiary sector also called the service sector?
Answer: Since tertiary activities generate services rather than goods, the tertiary sector is also called the service sector.
6. Give the full form of MGNREGA.
Answer: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
III. Short Answer Questions
1. Give the classification of sectors on the basis of economic activities.
Answer: The classifications of sectors on the basis of economic activities are:
(I) Primary Sector: In the Primary sector, activities relating to land like, agriculture and allied activities are included.
(II) Secondary Sector: It covers activities relating to manufacturing and construction. It converts one type of product into another.
(III) Tertiary Sector: Tertiary activities themselves do not produce goods but are a support for the production process.
4. what is the public sector? Give examples of public sector units.
Answer: In the public sector, the government owns most of the assets. Industries owned by the government or its agencies are called Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). E.g., Indian Railways
5. State any two initiatives undertaken by the government in healthcare.
Answer: Two initiatives undertaken by the government in healthcare are:
(a) Large scale vaccination programmes like that of Polio.
(b) Setting up new government hospitals and medical colleges.
IV. Long Answer Questions
1. Distinguish between organised and unorganised sectors of the Indian economy.
Answer: Organised sector covers those enterprises or places of work where the terms of employment are regular and therefore, people have assured work. In this sector, self-employed people also have to register themselves with the government.
An unorganised sector, on the other hand, includes those activities of people where no rules and regulations are followed. Example: landless agricultural labourers, small and marginal farmers etc.
2. What do you know about the primary sector? Explain briefly.
Answer: In the Primary sector, activities relating to land like, agriculture and allied activities such as forestry dairying, fishing, poultry farming, mining, stone quarrying etc. are included. In this sector, goods/products are produced by exploiting natural resources. For example, in the cultivation of wheat, we largely depend on natural factors like rainfall, sunshine and climate. Since most of the natural products are related to agriculture, dairying, fishing, forestry this sector is also called ‘agriculture and related sector’.
5. Explain the relative importance of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors in providing employment.
Answer: Although, the contribution of the primary sector in GDP has declined significantly, the proportion of the workforce that works in this sector has not fallen much. It has marginally declined from 72% in 1972-73 to about 49% in 2013-14. It continued to be the largest employer even in the year 2000. On the other hand, the service sector which accounts for more than 50% of GDP employs only about 26% of the workforce. The contribution of the secondary sector both in terms of production and employment did not change much because enough jobs were not created in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
Extra/additional questions and answers/solutions
1. What are primary sectors?
Answer: Primary sectors are those in which the goods or products are produced by exploiting natural resources. This includes activities such as forestry, fishing, mining etc.
14. Write a note on Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005?
Answer: In September 2005, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 was passed by the Indian government. Adult members of a rural household who demand employment and are willing to do unskilled manual labour are legally guaranteed a hundred days of wage employment in a fiscal year under the Act. The Act’s goal is to improve people’s livelihood security in rural areas by creating wage jobs through projects that improve the area’s infrastructure base.
If the government fails to provide employment within 15 days, the unemployed will be given unemployment benefits.