Get here textbook solutions, questions, answers, notes, MCQs, pdf, extras of all the chapters of WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science Madhyamik) for students studying under the West Bengal Board. Click on the link mentioned under each chapter to get the solutions to that chapter. However, the notes ought to be utilised as references and are open to change or modification in accordance with the requirements.
WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 1: Ideas of History
Introduction: Studies in history focus on transitions over time. It follows the complex path of human history. Histories shed light on the past. Previously murky memories are resolved. The shift in circumstances is no secret to us. The study of history sheds light on bygone civilizations and ways of life. Cultures of the past have influenced contemporary ones. Historiography is the study of the practice of historical reconstruction. The historiography of a subject documents the sources, methods, and perspectives used by historians. Understanding the evolution of people’s identities and cultural norms through sports requires looking back through time. The majority of today’s most popular sports have their roots in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A nation’s sense of pride and identity can be found in its sports and other recreational activities.
WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 2: Reform: Characteristics & Observations
Introduction: At the turn of the 19th century, Bengal was the cultural epicentre of the world. The dissemination of information throughout India has been greatly aided by Bengali newspapers and journals. In India, it all started with Hickey’s Bengal Gazette. Publishing began in 1780 in Calcutta. The history of Bengali journalism dates back to 1818. Among the publications produced by the Serampore Baptist Mission were “Samachar Darpan” and “Digdarshan.” In 1821, “Sambad Kaumudi” was released thanks to the support of Raja Rammohan Roy. Hutom Pyanchar Naksha, Nil Darpan, Hindoo Patriot, Grambarta Prakashika, Somprakash, and Sambad Prabhakar were some of the newspapers and magazines that covered the era’s social and political issues. The “Bamabodhini Patrika” raised its voice in opposition to the various oppressive systems that preyed upon women.
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 3: Resistance and Rebellion: Characteristics and Analyses
Introduction: In 1865, the British government passed the Indian Forest Act, legalising the confiscation of all forest land in the country. Because of imperialist ideas, the traditional ways of life of tribal people were drastically altered. The tribal peoples of various regions in India rose up in violent revolt. The Wahabi movement in India was led by Syed Ahmed Barelvi. Despite their best efforts, Titu Mir and his comrades were defeated by the British. Digambar Biswas and his brother Bishnu Charan Biswas led the Indigo Revolt in 1859. Independence from the British was fought for by Haji Shariatullah’s Farazi Movement.
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 4: Early Stages of Collective Action: Characteristics and Analysis
Introduction: The Plassey (1757) and Buxar (1857) battles were followed by the Revolt of 1857, which was the next significant demonstration of anger and resentment. The 1857 Revolt failed as a result of a lack of organisation and leadership. 19th-century Indian literature contributed to the nation’s sense of pride. Nationalism was promoted by authors like Bankim Chandra, Vivekananda, and Rabindranath.
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 5: Alternative Ideas and Initiatives (From mid-19th Century to the Early 20th Century): Characteristics and Observations
Introduction: The Indian press was crucial in spreading news about the Indian nationalist movement. The first issue of JC Marshman’s Samachar Darpan was published in 1818. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the vast majority of Indians could not read or write. Upendrakishore Raychandury was an early pioneer in the printing industry. Students developed their whole selves by participating in various artistic activities and service to others. At the turn of the century, nationalists who were dissatisfied with the state of education established something they called the “National Educational Institution”
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 6: Peasant, Working Class and Leftist Movements in the 20th Century India: Characteristics and Observations
Introduction: The imperialist mentality of the British in the first half of the twentieth century had a significant impact on rural communities. Due to being exploited and mistreated, the poor peasants had no choice but to resort to violence. Similar to the peasant uprising, a new movement arose among the working class. The labour movement originated as a response to economic hardship, poor working conditions in mills and factories, worker retrenchment, and other related issues. A large portion of the rural population did not actively participate in the fight against partition. The Swadeshi movement was not in favour of peasant protections against rent increases or land reforms.
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 7: Movements Organised by Women, Students, and Marginal People in the 20th Century India: Characteristics and Analysis
Introduction: During India’s fight for independence, women, students, and Dalits (formerly known as untouchables) played significant roles in various movements, including the Anti-Partition Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement. Women participated in boycotts, picketing, and outdoor demonstrations, and some even faced arrest. Students left their schools and colleges to join the Anti-Partition Movement and picketed outside of shops selling British goods. The Dalit or Namasudra movement, led by social reformers Harichand and Guruchand, also fought for equal rights and advancement in Bengali Hindu society. These movements were characterized by resistance to British rule and a desire for independence.
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WBBSE Class 10 History (Social Science) Chapter 8: Post-Colonial India: Second Half of the 20th Century
Introduction: The Indian Independence Act passed in 1947 allowed native rulers to choose to join either India or Pakistan. Most states chose to join India, except for Jammu and Kashmir, Hyderabad, and Junagadh. India invaded and occupied Junagadh, and merged with Hyderabad after its leader attempted to act independently. Jammu and Kashmir’s decision to join India was not accepted by Pakistan, leading to several wars between the two countries. The partition and resulting refugee crisis caused significant issues, including communal riots. The Delhi Pact aimed to address these issues and promote minority rights in both India and Pakistan. The demand for the reorganization of states based on language persisted, resulting in the creation of Andhra Pradesh and the emergence of Tamil Nadu. The Indian constitution recognizes Hindi and English as official languages and includes provisions for the inclusion of 22 other languages.
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