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Concept of Education: NBSE Class 11 Education solutions, notes

Concept of Education nbse 11
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Here, you will find summaries, questions, answers, textbook solutions, pdf, extras etc. of (Nagaland Board) NBSE Class 11 Education Chapter 1: Concept of Education. These solutions, however, should be only treated as references and can be modified/changed. 

Introduction

The chapter provides a comprehensive exploration of the concept of education. The text emphasizes that education is not merely about acquiring knowledge from books but preparing oneself for a mature life. It is a systematic and pre-planned process involving a teacher and a pupil, aiming to draw out the best in an individual—physically, mentally, and spiritually.

It highlights the salient features of education, such as its systematic nature, the importance of instructions and discipline, and the role of a mature individual in influencing the immature. It underscores the role of education in developing various faculties of an individual, including intellectual, aesthetic, social, spiritual, and physical powers.

The chapter also contrasts the viewpoints of Indian and Western philosophers on education. While Indian thinkers emphasize the motivation of students, Western philosophers place significant responsibilities on teachers.

Education is presented as a necessity for both individuals and society, contributing to progressive, cultured, and civilized life. It is a means to develop the personality of an individual, enabling them to adjust efficiently to the changing environment.

The chapter differentiates between being literate and being educated, stressing that the aim should be to make people both literate and educated. Education is described as a lifelong, systematic process that modifies behaviour, provides training, and offers instruction and direction. It is a continuous reconstruction of our experiences, a power, and a treasure in human beings.

Textual questions and answers

Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. Explain the etymological origin of the word education.

Answer: The word “education” has been derived from the Latin term “Educatum” which means the act of teaching or training. According to a few others, the word “Education” has originated from another Latin term “Educere” which means “to lead forth” or “to come out”.

2. Who said “Education is the development of good moral character”?

Answer: Herbart is attributed with the quote “Education is the development of good moral character”.

3. What is education, according to Socrates?

Answer: According to Socrates, “Education helps us to dispel error and discover truth”. This definition of education helps us to understand the difference between right and wrong, correct and incorrect, good and bad.

4. Define education according to Swami Vivekananda.

Answer: According to Swami Vivekananda, education is “the manifestation of the perfection already in man”. He believed that education helps in developing kindness, respect, generosity, care, and affection in man. He emphasized a positive attitude for the proper development of an individual.

Short Answer Type Questions

1. What is education in the words of Rabindranath Tagore?

Answer: According to Rabindranath Tagore, “Education is that which makes one’s life in harmony with all existents and thus enable the mind to find the ultimate truth which gives us the wealth of inner light and love which gives significance to life.” This definition emphasizes the development of love, affection, and harmony, and the ability to adjust to one’s environment.

2. How did Mahatma Gandhi define education?

Answer: According to Mahatma Gandhi, education is not just about acquiring knowledge from books, but it is a means to develop a person’s character and personality. He believed that education should focus on the holistic development of an individual, including physical, mental, and spiritual growth. Gandhi emphasized the importance of practical education that teaches skills and values that can be applied in real-life situations. He also believed that education should be accessible to all, regardless of their social or economic status.

3. Define education according to Redden.

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi defined education as “all-round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind and spirit.” According to him, education should focus on the physical, mental, and spiritual development of an individual.

4. What is education according to Drever?

Answer: Drever’s definition of education is “a process by which the knowledge, character, and behavior of the child are shaped and molded.” According to this definition, teachers in schools try to motivate the child to become a better person, and school education shapes individuals for their bright future.

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9. Compare and contrast the Narrow and Broader meaning of Education.

Answer: In the narrow sense of education, there is one subject matter for education that is; life in all its manifestations. In this sense, life is education and education is life. Meaning of Education in the broader sense is synonymous to development, and the behavioral changes of an individual is said to be education. 

10. “Education is Science and Art at the same time”. Justify.

Answer: Education is Science and Arts at the same time. This is because it involves the use of systematic and methodical study of facts with scientific methods for better teaching and at the same time, shaping the raw material and his behavior into a well-cultured person. We have to put the principles of education into practice, which is the function of education as an art and science. Thus, education is both art and science.

11. Differentiate between “He is educated” and “He is literate”?

Answer: Literacy is the knowledge to read, write, and do a little arithmetic. A person who can do these functions is called literate. Literacy is instruction or expertise. Schooling, instruction, or training are the concepts which are a part of literacy. Literacy can be described as education in a narrow sense. On the other hand, education is an all-round development of the man. Education is the progressive and desirable change that comes to an individual as a result of the knowledge acquired by him/her. Literacy is not the end of education. It is the beginning. Hence, literacy is only a part of education.

Long Answer Type Questions

1. Explain “Education is a process of Individual Adjustment”.

Answer: Since birth the individual starts adjusting. He adjusts with self, parents, brother and sister, teacher, friend, and the members of community and society. In this way he changes his behaviour and tries to modify it, which is called education. It is a continuous process of an individual and adjustment is very important for a happy, successful and meaningful life.

2. What is meant by “Education is a life long process”? Explain.

Answer: All the experiences that influence the individual from birth to death is called education. Every experience of an individual right from his birth to his death has educative value. We learn from each and every experience. Every moment of life gives us the experience to reach our goals. Experience is another name of education. So, education is a life long process.

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5. “Education is a necessity of life”. Why?

Answer: Education is a necessity for an individual and society. Education helps in living a better life. There are many kinds of human needs. Some are biological, such as food, water. There are some social needs as a man wants respect from society. There are some psychological needs as one wants to live happily. There are many sources for the fulfillment of these needs. It is education which gives him/her the knowledge on how to fulfil these needs in the best way. So Education is a necessity for better, respectful and happy life. It is education which helps man to form proper attitude towards life. Education shows us the way by which we can solve the problems of life. Man can make his/her life successful with proper education and training. Man is the father of civilization and culture. For animals and birds, these have no meaning. The progress of civilization and culture depends on man and man tries to march forward on the path of civilization and culture. Education helps man learn something new every day. His/her entire life is a continuous process of education. Society produces educated people in order to pass on civilization and culture to the new generations.

HOTS Questions

1. Discuss the different concepts of education you have studied in the chapter and bring out your own conclusion for education.

Answer: The different concepts of education discussed in the chapter include:

  • Education as a Process: It’s not a single idea or experience, but a collection of interrelated and repeated ideas or experiences.
  • Education as a Process of Harmonious Development: Education should positively and balancedly develop various aspects such as physical, mental, aesthetic, intellectual, social, emotional, moral, and spiritual in a person.
  • Education as a Process of Individual Adjustment: From birth, an individual starts adjusting with self, parents, siblings, teachers, friends, and the members of community and society. This continuous process of adjustment is called education.
  • Education as a Dynamic Process: Education should undergo progressive changes in accordance with the place and needs of the society. It moves with the progress in science, technology, national integration, and international understanding.
  • Education as a Purposeful Process: In the process of education, a teacher and a pupil work together to achieve the goals formulated with the process of teaching and learning.
  • Education as a Life-long Process: All the experiences that influence the individual from birth to death are called education. Every experience of an individual right from his birth to his death has educative value.
  • Education is Science and Arts at the Same Time: Using systematic and methodical study of facts with scientific methods for better teaching and at the same time, shaping the raw material and his behaviour into a well cultured person. We have to put the principles of education into practice, which is function of education as an art and science. Thus, education is both art and science.

Conclusion: Education is a comprehensive, dynamic, and lifelong process that aims at the holistic development of an individual, enabling them to adjust and contribute to society effectively.

2. Do you agree with the statement that literacy is a part of education? Justify your answer.Answer: Yes, I agree that literacy is a part of education. Literacy is the knowledge to read, write, and do a little arithmetic. A person who can do these functions is called literate. Literacy is instruction or knowledge. Schooling, instruction, or training are the concepts which is a part of literacy. Knowledge of reading and writing is literacy. Literacy can be described as education in the narrow sense. A literate person may be less educated, while an illiterate person may be more educated. Education aims at the harmonious development of all aspects, physical, intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual, moral, aesthetic fields of an individual. Education is the progressive and desirable change that comes to an individual as a result of the knowledge acquired by him/her. The type of knowledge that we learn, brings change in our behaviour and character and becomes education. The change in behaviour through knowledge is important and it is called education. Literacy is not the end of education. It is the beginning. Hence, literacy is only a part of education. Part is never equal to the whole. Literacy can be considered as means to education.

Extra/additional questions and answers

1. What is the origin and etymology of the term “Education”? 

Answer: The term “Education” has been derived from the Latin term “Educatum” which means the act of teaching or training. According to others, the word “Education” has originated from another Latin term “Educere” which means “to lead forth” or “to come out”. These meanings indicate that education seeks to nourish the good qualities in man and draw out the best in every individual, seeking to develop the innate inner capacities of a person. 

2. How is education beneficial for teachers and pupils? 

Answer: Education is crucial for both teachers and pupils. It helps the teachers understand their pupils better, enabling them to guide and motivate them effectively towards achieving their goals in education. For students, education enables them to learn and understand various concepts, and apply this learning in their everyday life situations. This helps them to evolve as better individuals and contribute more effectively to society. 

3. How does education contribute to the personal development of an individual? 

Answer: Education plays a pivotal role in the personal development of an individual. It imparts desirable knowledge, understanding, skills, interests, attitudes, and critical thinking. This includes knowledge of various academic subjects like history, geography, arithmetic, languages, and sciences. It helps develop an understanding of the deeper aspects of life, complex human relations, cause and effect of a relationship and so on. It imparts skills in writing, speaking, calculating, drawing, operating equipment, and fosters interests and attitudes towards social work, democratic living, and co-operative management. 

4. What are the different views and interpretations of education? 

Answer: Education can have different interpretations and views based on the perspective of the person. For teachers, parents, pupils, shopkeepers, businessmen, army persons, farmers, and philosophers, education has varied meanings. Some people equate schooling with education, while others view education as a life-long learning process from birth to death. For some, it’s the acquisition of knowledge, while for others, it’s about skill and attitude development. Some may say education is training of the mind in a specific direction to bring about desired changes. Thus, education does not have a universally accepted definition and its meaning varies with different functions. 

5. What does the Dictionary of Education define education as? 

Answer: According to the Dictionary of Education (edited by C.V. Good, 1973), Education is defined as “the aggregate of all the processes by which a person develops abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of practical values in the society in which he/she lives; the social process by which people are subjected to the influence of selected and controlled environment (especially that of school), so that they may obtain social competence and optimum individual development.” 

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81. How does education contribute to the progress of civilization and culture? 

Answer: Education is a significant contributor to the progress of civilization and culture. It is through education that the knowledge, values, norms, and skills that constitute a culture are passed down from one generation to the next. It fosters creativity, innovation, and critical thinking, leading to advancements in various fields. Moreover, by promoting understanding and respect for diversity, education contributes to cultural exchange, synthesis, and the progress of global civilization. 

Extra/additional MCQs

1. What Latin term is the word “Education” derived from? 

A. Educere B. Educatum C. Educator D. Educatio 

Answer: B. Educatum 

2. What does the Latin term “Educere” mean? 

A. To guide B. To lead forth C. To train D. To learn 

Answer: B. To lead forth 

3. What is education considered to be? 

A. Just schooling B. Life-long learning C. Job training D. College 

Answer: B. Life-long learning 

4. What does education seek to nourish? 

A. Creativity B. Intelligence C. Good qualities D. Physical strength 

Answer: C. Good qualities 

5. Which subject knowledge is not mentioned in the context of education? 

A. History B. Geography C. Music D. Sciences 

Answer: C. Music 

6. What kind of skills does education impart? 

A. Driving B. Cooking C. Calculating D. Sewing 

Answer: C. Calculating 

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100. How does education fulfill various human needs? 

A. By providing food and water B. By ensuring respect from society C. By promoting happiness D. All of the above 

Answer: D. All of the above 

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